Titanium CLI Tasks

Titainum provides a command-line interface to check and configure your environment setup, create and build applications, and much more. For directions on installing the latest released Titanium CLI, refer to Setting up the Titanium CLI.

Run  titanium --help  to see all available target options or see the Titanium Command-Line Interface Reference .

Development Environment

Before using the Titanium CLI to create and build Titanium projects, you need to make sure your development environment is correctly configured.

Check your Development Environment

To check if you current development environment is setup correctly to build projects, run the ti setup check command.  This command will report what tools are configured to work with the CLI.

Output Examples:

The following output indicates that node and npm are installed correctly but may be updated.

Node.js
  ★  node               new version v0.10.28 available! (currently v0.10.13)
  ★  npm                new version v1.4.13 available! (currently v1.3.2)

The following output indicates that your Android environment is not setup correctly.

Android Environment
  !  sdk                Android SDK not found
  !  targets            no targets found
  !  avds               no avds found

Check the Development Environment against the Titanium SDK

The ti info command retrieves detailed information about your platform environment, such as Android SDKs installed, and iOS certificates and provisioning profiles.  Use this command to check if your currently selected Titanium SDK supports your development environment.

Output Examples:

The following output indicates that your Android environment is not setup correctly and provides you with some resolution steps.

Android Issues
  ✕  Unable to locate an Android SDK. If you have already downloaded and installed the Android SDK,
     you can tell Titanium where the Android SDK is located by running 'titanium config
     android.sdkPath /path/to/android-sdk', otherwise you can install it by running 'titanium setup
     android' or manually downloading from http://appcelerator.com/android-sdk.

The following output indicates that your iOS environment is fine, but you have older versions of Xcode installed.

iOS Issues
  !  Xcode 4.3 is too old and is no longer supported by Titanium SDK 3.3.0. The minimum supported
     Xcode version by Titanium SDK 3.3.0 is Xcode 5.0.
  !  Xcode 4.4.1 is too old and is no longer supported by Titanium SDK 3.3.0. The minimum supported
     Xcode version by Titanium SDK 3.3.0 is Xcode 5.0.

Configuring your Development Environment

By default, the Titanium CLI uses your environment variables to search for paths to executables and other development tools.  If you installed these tools in custom locations or the CLI cannot find them, you will need to use the ti config command to tell the CLI where to find these tools. The example below sets some common Android configuration options.  For a detailed list of configurable options, see Titanium CLI Options.

## Set the location of the Android SDK
ti config android.sdkPath ~/opt/android_sdk
## Set the location of the Android NDK
ti config android.ndkPath ~/opt/android_ndk
## Enable support for Genymotion virtual device
ti config genymotion.enabled true

Building Applications

Once you have your development environment correctly configured, you can create and build Titanium applications.

Create a Titanium Project

To create a new Titanium project, run the ti create command.  The CLI will prompt you to fill in the necessary information to create a project, such as which platforms the application runs on and the name of the project.  To create a new project with all the information specified in the command, run: 

ti create -t app --id <APP_ID> -n <APP_NAME> -p <PLATFORMS> -d <WORKSPACE_DIRECTORY> -u <APP_URL>
## Example
ti create -t app --id com.appcelerator.sample -n SampleProject -p android,ios -d ~/Documents/Titanium_Studio_Workspace -u http://www.appcelerator.com

Build an Application

To build a Titanium project to test on a device, simulator or emulator, run the ti build command from the project directory.  The CLI will prompt you to fill in the necessary information to build the project, such as which platform you want to test the application on.  More detailed examples are listed below.

Once the application is installed and launched, use native tools to test, debug and profile your application.  See Debugging and Profiling.

Icon

SDK Version Setting Precedence

The CLI checks several settings to see which SDK version to use to build your application. The following is a list of locations in the order of precedence. If an SDK version is not defined in that location, the next location is checked.

  1. tiapp.xml file version specified with the sdk-version tag.
    To change this version, manually edit the tiapp.xml file with a text editor or use Studio.
  2. --sdk command-line option with the titanium build command.
  3. app.sdk setting specified with the titanium config command.
    To check the version, run titanium config and to change the version, run titanium config app.sdk <sdk_version>.
  4. SDK select version.
    To check or change this version, run titanium sdk select.

Android Emulator

You need to create an Android emulator or setup Genymotion before running these commands.

To build for an emulator, run ti build -p android.  Because no other options were specified, the CLI launches your default Android emulator and installs the application on it.

To launch a specific Android or Genymotion emulator, add the -C <EMULATOR_NAME> option.  

ti build -p android -C "Google Nexus 7 - 4.4.2 - API 19 - 800x1280"

To retrieve a list of Android or Genymotion emulators, run the ti info -p android command.

Android Device

To build for an Android device, connect your device to the computer with a USB cable, then run:

ti build -p android -T device -C <DEVICE_ID>
## Example
ti build -p android -T device -C deadbeef

iOS Simulator

To build for an iOS simulator, run ti build -p ios.  Because no other options were specified, the CLI launches the application on the default iOS simulator.

To use a specific simulator, add the -C <SIMULATOR_NAME> option.

ti build -p ios -C "iPad Retina"

To retrieve a list of simulator names, run the ti build --help option and look at the -C, --device-id option under the "Build iOS Options".  

iOS Device

Before deploying to an iOS device for testing, you need to generate a development certificate and development provisioning profile.  See Deploying to iOS devices.

The CLI allows you to install your application either to iTunes or directly to the device connected to your computer with a USB cable.  If you select to install to iTunes, you need to sync your device to iTunes in order to install the application.

To build for an iOS device, run:

ti build -p ios -T device  -C <DEVICE_UDID> [-V "<DEVELOPER_CERTIFICATE_NAME>"  -P <PROVISIONING_PROFILE_UUID>] 
## Example
ti build -p ios -T device -C itunes -V "Loretta Martin (GE7BAC5)" -P "11111111-2222-3333-4444-555555555555"
ti build -p ios -T device -C "iOS Device" -V "Loretta Martin (GE7BAC5)" -P "11111111-2222-3333-4444-555555555555"

If you omit the -V and -P options, the CLI will prompt you with options.  You can also retrieve the information from Xcode's Devices window (or Organizer window for Xcode 5.x and older) or with the ti info -p ios command.

Mobile Web

To build for Mobile Web, run ti build -p mobileweb.  This command creates an unminimized version of your mobile web application for your to debug.  Copy the files in the ./build/mobileweb to a web server to test the application.  

ti build -p mobileweb

Package an Application

Google Play APK

Before packaging an APK file for distribution, you need to generate a keypair and certificate for your application.  See Distributing Android apps.

To package an APK for Google Play, run:

ti build -p android -T dist-playstore [-K <KEYSTORE_FILE> -P <KEYSTORE_PASSWORD> -L <KEYSTORE_ALIAS> -O <OUTPUT_DIRECTORY>]
## Example
ti build -p android -T dist-playstore -K ~/android.keystore -P secret -L foo -O ./dist/

If you omit any of the optional parameters, you will be prompted by the CLI to enter these values.  If the password for the private key of the keystore is different from the password for the keystore, add the --key-password <KEYPASS> option with the password of your private key.

iOS Ad Hoc Distribution

Before packaging for the iOS ad hoc distribution, you need to generate a distribution certificate and distribution provisioning profile.  See Distributing iOS apps.

To package an IPA file for Ad Hoc distribution, run:

ti build -p ios -T dist-adhoc [-R <DISTRIBUTION_CERTIFICATE_NAME> -P <PROVISIONING_PROFILE_UUID> -O <OUTPUT_DIRECTORY>]
## Example
ti build -p ios -T dist-adhoc -R "Pseudo, Inc." -P "FFFFFFFF-EEEE-DDDD-CCCC-BBBBBBBBBBBB" -O ./dist/

If you omit any of the optional parameters, the CLI will prompt you with options.

iTunes Store

Before packaging for the iTunes Store, you need to generate a distribution certificate and distribution provisioning profile, and have an iTunes Connect account.  See Distributing iOS apps.

Icon

If you are using Mac OS X 10.9 (Mavericks), make sure you grant CLI access to the computer as described in Installing the iOS SDK: Running on Mavericks.

To package an APP bundle for the iTunes store, run:

ti build -p ios -T dist-appstore [-R <DISTRIBUTION_CERTIFICATE_NAME> -P <PROVISIONING_PROFILE_UUID>]
## Example
ti build -p ios -T dist-appstore -R "Pseudo, Inc." -P "AAAAAAAA-0000-9999-8888-777777777777"

The CLI installs the package to Xcode's Organizer and launches Organizer for you to start the submission process.

If you omit any of the optional parameters, the CLI will prompt you with options.

Mobile Web

To create a minified version of your Mobile Web application, run the ti build -p mobileweb -D production command.  Deploy the files in the ./build/mobileweb to a web server.

ti build -p mobileweb -D production

Clean Your Build Folder

If you run into issues building your application, you may need to clean your build folder.  Run the ti clean command or to clean for a specific platform, add the -p <PLATFORM> option.

ti clean [-p <PLATFORM>]
## Examples
ti clean
ti clean -p ios

 


Related Links