IDoc Business Document

The data types that you can apply depend on the data class. In turn, the possible data classes depend on the structure type of the Business Document. For more information, see Business Document structure, Business Documents, and Axway Mapping Services DML Reference Guide

About IDoc Business Documents

IDoc is an SAP term derived from the term intermediate document. An IDoc is a standard data structure for Electronic Data Interchange (EDI), defined by SAP. You can use IDoc either for exchanges between two application programs written for the SAP business system, or between an SAP application and an external program.

IDoc are useful in multi-application and multi-platform environments. An IDoc encapsulates data so that you can exchange the data between different systems without conversion from one format to another.

IDoc standards provide definitions of IDoc types. Different IDoc types handle different categories of data, such as purchase orders or invoices. Each IDoc type can then be broken down into more specific categories, called message types. An IDoc type is capable of storing only the data required for a particular transaction.

SAP currently supplies over 200 standard IDoc definitions with all SAP R/3 systems. These definitions correspond to the transfer of different types of business data between systems. For example, there is an INVOIC IDoc definition for the transfer of invoice information, and an ORDERS IDoc definition for sales orders. You can modify, or add to the IDoc definitions in the SAP system. For more details, refer to the SAP documentation.

Data class Data type Definition field

Boolean

Boolean [x,1]

1

Date & Time

DATS [YYYYMMDD]

8

ACCP [YYY.MM]

6

TiMS [hhmmss]

6

Integer

Integer

10

INT4

10

NUMC

10

Real number

FLOAT (p,s)

18,6

FLTP (p,s)

16

DEC (p,s)

18,6

String

String

255

CHAR

255

LCHAR

1000

CLNT (len)

3

Very large object

VLO

100

RAW

255

LRAW

1000

Related topics

Business Document types

Define IDoc V4 Business Documents

Business Document structure

Business Documents

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