Models - Definition

Place all Model files in the models folder. You can only declare one model per file. A Model file is a JavaScript file, which:

  1. Loads the @axway/api-builder-runtime module.
  2. Calls the module's createModel (name, schema) method (or another Model method), passing in the name of the model as the first parameter and an object defining the model schema as the second parameter.
  3. Exports the defined endpoint using the module.exports variable.

Set the following keys in the object passed to the createModel() method to define the model:

Name Required Description
fields true An object that represents the model’s schema defined as key-value pairs. The key is the name of the field and the value is the fields object. See the next table for details.
connector true Connector to which the model is bound (string). Each model can only have one connector. Connectors are responsible for reading and writing data from/to their data source.

Field definition

The fields property (mentioned above) supports a number of sub-properties as well. The table below outlines these properties.

Name Required Description
type true The field primitive type plus others (for example, string, number, boolean, object, array, and date). Type can be any valid JavaScript primitive type. Type can be specified as a string (for example, string) or by the type class (for example, String).
required false Specifies whether the field is required. The default value is false.
validator false A function or regular expression that validates the value of the field. The function is passed the data to validate and should return either null or undefined if the validation succeeds. Any other return value means the validation failed, and the return value will be used in the exception message. If a regular expression is used, it should evaluate to either true or false.
name false Used if the model field name is different than the field name in the connector’s model or the underlying data source for the field name. For example, if my model field is first_name and the column in a MySQL database is fname, the value of the name property should be fname.
default false The default value for the field.
description false The description of the field (used for API documentation).
readonly false Either true or false. If true, the field will be read-only and any attempt to write the field value will fail.
maxlength false The max length of the field (specified as an integer)
get false A function used to set the value of a property that will be sent to the client. This property is useful if you want to define a custom field where the value is derived.
set false A function used to set the value of a property that will be sent to the connector.
custom false This property should be specified and set to true if you are defining a custom field. A custom field is one that does not exist in the underlying data source for the connector you specified.
model false Model name of the field property. This is either the logical name of a custom model or a connector model name in the form connector/model_name (for example, appc.mysql/employee).

Model schema example

The example below creates the car model with the specified schema.

var APIBuilder = require('@axway/api-builder-runtime');

var car = APIBuilder.createModel('car', {
    fields: {
        make:{type:String, description:'the make of a car '},
        model:{type:String, description:'the model of the car', required:true},
        year: {type:Number, description:'year the car was made', required:true},
        bluebook: {type:Number, description:'kelly bluebook value of the car', required:true},
        mileage: {type:Number, description:'current mileage of the car', required:true}
    },
    connector: 'memory'
});

module.exports = car;

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